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Trillium erectum (Red Trillium or Wake robin)

It is a sure sign that spring has settled in, these demure treasures are at home in cool woodland settings. Trilliums are beloved spring wildflowers that grow from thick rhizomes with fleshy roots. The broad oval leaves join together at the top of the stem beneath a single flower with 3 broad petals and 3 sepals. Plant trilliums in shade gardens with wildflowers, shade perennials and ferns. Native to North America. Spreads slowly as a clump.

Trillium is found growing in open woodlands and protected hillsides. Long-lived and trouble-free with unusual red three-petaled flowers. Over time it will become a naturalized groundcover. Don’t cut leaves back while they are green as they are needed for root establishment. Soon after their enchanting flowers fade, the handsome foliage disappears as well. Trilliums are long-lived, prefer humus-rich soil with ample moisture, and make admirable companions for Toad Lilies, and ferns.

All of our woodland plants grow naturally on rich, moist forest floors and are perfectly suited for your garden. Add them to an existing wooded area or create your own woodland garden. Dappled shade and humus-rich soil provide perfect growing conditions.

Availability

# Description Units Available Price/Unit
Bulk
NF436BAG Trillium erectum (Red Trillium or Wake robin) 19 $45.75
NF436-1
NF436-2NF436-3NF436-4

Plant Details +

Size #1
Height 12-18"
Spacing 12-18"
Hardiness Zones 4-9
Exposure Partial shade to full shade
Foliage Light green
Flower Red
Bloomtime April - May

General Information +

Botanical: Trillium erectum (Red Trillium)

Common: White or Snow Trillium, Wake Robin

Family: Liliaceae

General Characteristics: Likes average moisture and rich organic content. This is the quintessential native woodland plant. 'Red Trillium' promises a bright display of three-petaled flowers. The flowers are generally two to three inches across, but sometimes bigger. The petals are usually pointed, wavy-edged, and curved back at the tips. The regal blooms garnish attractive light green foliage that grow in a cool, shady spot. All trilliums have three leaves per stem, & three petals per flower. Leaves have the same variation though most commonly pointed. A classic spring-blooming, woodland wildflower. Excellent when massed in a shaded woodland garden, naturalized area or wildflower garden. Mixes well with other spring wildflowers and ferns. Not recommended for the perennial border.

Planting/Care Instructions +

Pests or Diseases: No serious insect or disease problems. This flower does not transplant well and should not be dug in the wild.

Planting Instructions: Dig a hole large enough to hold the roots. If any roots seem tightly bound, loosen before planting. Fill the hole with water and position the plant so the crown (where the roots meet the stem) is just slightly below the soil line. Fill the hole with soil and water again. Trillium do best in acidic soil with a low pH. This soil occurs naturally where there is a lot of leaf litter to form it. Easily grown in rich, humusy, medium wet, well-drained soil in part shade to full shade. Needs regular watering. Rhizomatous plant that is difficult to propagate from seed.