Botanical: Sambucus canadensis
General Characteristics: Elderberry grows into a tall shrub with an upright form. It can sucker and will widen its range where planted. The bright-green foliage is attractive, and the plant is easy to grow. This variety was selected for its large clusters of dark blue to black fruit. Useful in orchard, hedge, shrub border and naturalized plantings. The fruits of Elderberry are a kind of berry called a drupe. The drupes are small and black (or dark purple). Many birds eat them, including: Northern Cardinal, Eastern Bluebird, Gray Catbird, Northern Mockingbird, White-breasted Nuthatch, Blue Jay, Eastern Kingbird, European Starling, Eastern Phoebe, American Robin, Brown Thrasher, Cedar Waxwing, woodpeckers, and Tufted Titmouse. This is a deciduous shrub with yellowish-green fall color. Prune in late winter to desired shape and size. To control size, you can cut them back to the ground each year, as they bloom on new and old wood. They are easily pruned to shape.