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Potato, “Yukon Gold”

Yukon Gold’ potatoes are the most famous of the new wave of yellow-fleshed varieties now available. Long popular in Europe, these have good flavor and moist flesh, which many people claim requires less of the fattening condiments required by some potatoes. ‘Yukon Gold’ is a very early bearer of large, round, attractive potatoes with a hint of pink around the eyes. Many grocery stores around the country now feature some name-brand version of “golden” potatoes, usually this variety. If the flavor of these potatoes suits you, you will love having ‘Yukon Gold’ right in your garden.

‘Yukon Gold’ is a well-known and old cultivar. It stores well. It has yellow flesh, and is quite resistant to viruses. Potatoes are perennials grown as annuals. They are related to eggplant, tomatoes and peppers. Potatoes need a frost-free growing season of 90 to 120 days. They are a cool weather crop and grow best in areas with a cool summer. Ideal potato growing temperature is between 60 and 70 degrees F. Hot weather reduces potato production. Traditionally, potatoes are grown in the summer in the North and during fall and winter in the South. Potatoes are grown from whole potatoes or pieces called seed. Each seed must have at least one eye. Potatoes must have well-drained, fertile soil that is higher in organic matter and having a pH between 5.0 and 5.5. Plant in full sun, 4 inches deep and 18 inches apart in rows that are 3 feet apart. Potatoes are usually planted on hills or raised rows, to allow for drainage. Fertilize again around mid-season. Even moisture and a good thick layer of mulch will result in a better crop. Harvest time ranges from 75 to 130 days after planting. Dig up new potatoes after the plant blooms, or if it doesn’t bloom, after the leaves start to yellow. Potatoes that are sold in grocery stores are usually dug two weeks after the vines have died in the fall. Rotate crops to prevent pest build-up in the soil.

POTATOES ARE EASY TO GROW VEGETABLES. One of the easiest root crops to grow is the potato. Plus, they’re fun to grow. A small area can provide a nice yield of this tasty vegetable. Early spring is the best time to plant them. One of the bonuses of growing potatoes is that you can eat them at various stages of growth. The young ‘new potatoes’ are often harvested and cooked with peas and gravy, while most are allowed to reach maturity and are eaten or stored for use throughout the winter.

Availability

# Description Units Available Price/Unit
potato-yukon-gold-4
potato-Yukon Gold-1potato-Yukon Gold-2potato-Yukon Gold-3

Plant Details +

Bulb Type Seed potatoes
Size Grade B
Height 20-25"
Spread 18-24"
Spacing 12-15"
Depth 3-5" & 30-36" between rows
Hardiness Zone 3-9
Exposure Full sun
Foliage Open, average-sized, medium-green leaves
Yield 100 lbs. / 100' row
Days to Maturity 90-100 days
Harvest Late summer

General Information +

Planting/Care Instructions +

Easy to Grow: SOIL PREPARATION - potatoes grow in just average soil, so a great deal of soil preparation is not really needed. However the addition of some compost or a little peat moss is beneficial. Avoid using fresh manure or lime in the soil where potatoes are to be grown, as it tends to cause scab on the potatoes. The addition of either 5-10-10 or 10-20-20 fertilizer is beneficial. Mix the fertilizer into the planting soil, prior to planting. Till or spade the soil to a depth of ten or twelve inches. Resists late blight. Heavy yields in mid-season. Mini-potatoes have 3-5 eyes each. Plant now, or store in a cool, dry place until you are ready to plant. They'll keep for weeks. NO CUTTING REQUIRED. Just plant one eye per hill.

Planting Instructions: CUTTING POTATOES - if the seed potatoes are small to medium sized, plant the whole potato. If they are large sized, you can cut them in half, or quarter them. Each section should have two or three 'growth eyes'. After cutting, let the cut surface callus-over before planting them. SPACING - potatoes can be grown in many different ways. If you have lots of room the cut pieces can be spaced about a foot apart in rows which are spaced two to three feet apart. Then cover with about an inch of soil. Pull in additional soil as the plants develop. Always be certain the surface potatoes are covered with soil. Hilling or mounding is another method of growing potatoes. Three or four pieces of potatoes are planted on a mound of soil, pulling in additional soil as the potatoes develop. WATERING - Black or hollow centers on potatoes is often caused by over-watering. Irregular watering causes irregular shaped or knobby potatoes. As a guideline, water potatoes (thoroughly) weekly during warmer summer weather. HARVESTING - New young potatoes are harvested when peas are ripe or as the potato plants begin to flower. For storage of full sized potatoes harvest them when the vines turn yellow or have died-back. STORAGE - Keep them in the dark, in a spot where temperatures are about 40 degrees.

When to Plant Outdoors: Select a sunny location and plant in early spring in the soil.