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Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)

Virginia Creeper has attractive, colorful foliage and berries during the fall. The berries are eaten by several species of songbirds that inhabit thickets and woodlands. It is a deciduous, woody vine that grows in open areas, ravines, rich woods and valleys. A vigorous tendril-climber that needs no support and typically grows 30-50′. Adheres to flat surfaces (brick, stone or wood walls) via adhesive disks at the tendril ends.

Compound-palmate leaves (usually 5 leaflets, with each leaflet to 6″ long) emerge purplish in spring, mature to dull green in summer and change to purple to crimson-red in autumn. Fall color can be quite attractive. Clusters of small, greenish-white flowers appear in the upper leaf axils in late spring to early summer, but are generally hidden by the foliage. Flowers give way to dark blue to black berries which are attractive to birds. Closely related to and once included in the genus Ampelopsis.

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PA200 Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper) out of stock $0.00
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Plant Details +

Size 12-18"
Height 30-50' vine
Spacing 5-10'
Hardiness Zones 3-9
Exposure Full sun to Part Shade
Foliage Green turning Bright Red, Orange (Fall)
Flower Greenish white
Bloomtime Late spring

General Information +

Botanical: Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Common: Virginia Creeper

Family: Vitaceae

General Characteristics: Virginia creeper is favored for its brilliant fall foliage and as a manitenance-free ground cover. When allowed to climb over trees or other tall structures, it develops elongated leafy festoons that are especially showy. Where there is nothing to climb, it attaches to the ground with adventitious roots, and makes an excellent cover for slopes or other places where grass is not practical or desired. Excellent covering for walls, trellises, arbors or fences. May also be grown on the ground to cover old stumps, rock piles or other eyesores or for erosion control on slopes. The foliage of this woody vine can be rather variable in appearance; some vines produce rather broad leaflets with blunt tips, while others produce more slender leaflets with long tips. Similarly, the lower surface of the leaflets can be smooth or downy, depending on the local ecotype and growing conditions.

Planting/Care Instructions +

Pests or Diseases: No serious problems. Mildews, leaf spots, canker and wilt are occasional problems. Also susceptible to a number of insect pests including beetles, scale and leaf hoppers.

Planting Instructions: Dig a hole large enough to encompass the roots without bending or circling. Set the plant in place so the crown (part of the plant where the root meets the stem) is about 1-2 inches below the soil surface. Cover with soil to the original soil surface and water thoroughly. Easily grown in average, medium wet, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Tolerates full shade and a wide range of soil and environmental conditions. Virginia Creeper also adapts well to gravelly or rocky soil, and it also tolerates full sun or light shade. This woody vine is a robust grower and requires plenty of room.