Botanical: Miscanthus sinensis 'Yaku-Jima'
Common: Ornamental Grass
General Characteristics: Yaku Jima' is a clump-forming eulalia grass that is native to certain areas of Japan including the Island of Yaku Jima. It typically grows in a clump to 3-4' tall. Leaf blades (to 3/8'' wide) are green and arch gracefully downward. Tiny buffy flowers with red tinges emerge in fluffy panicles above the foliage in August-September. Panicles fade to silver in fall, but remain showy throughout winter. Foliage turns reddish-brown in fall fading to tan over winter. 'Yaku Jima' is sometimes described in commerce as being a dwarf form of Miscanthus sinensis 'Gracillimus'.
Ornamental Grasses are gaining in popularity all over the U.S. due to their undemanding nature and long lasting, year round beauty. There is nothing that adds such interesting forms, textures and movement to a garden, than with this diverse plant group. They can be planted along banks of ponds, incorporated into perennial gardens, grouped together, utilized as a ground cover along walkways, paths or on steep banks. They aren't fussy about soil requirements, are drought tolerant as well as insect and disease resistant.
Tip: Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. It is tolerant of a wide range of soils from well-drained sandy soils to the heavy clays soils. Prefers moist soils. Best in full sun. Less vigorous with decreased flowering and tendency to flop in too much shade. Tolerant of summer heat and humidity. Clumps slowly expand in circumference by short rhizomes, but retains a tight clump shape. Foliage should be left standing throughout the winter for visual interest and to provide protection for the crowns. Cut foliage to the ground in late winter just before new shoots appear. Propagate by division of the crown
Use: Dig a hole large enough to hold the roots. Fill the hole with water and position the plant so the crown (where the root meets the stem) is just slightly below the soil line. Fill the hole with soil and water again. A slow release fertilizer may be used each spring, though it's not necessary.