One of the country’s most popular pecan trees and it produces sweet, delicious nuts! Commonly called Hardy Pecan, it is a large deciduous lowland tree that is the largest of the hickories. These trees can live farther north than most pecan trees since it is very resistant to winter freezes that can kill other pecan trees. It typically grows 75-100′ tall with a large rounded spreading crown. Trunks mature to 2-4′ in diameter. Pecan features medium green, odd-pinnate, compound leaves, with each leaf having 9-17 pointed leaflets. Leaflets range from 2-7″ long. Leaves mature to yellow green in summer, eventually turning yellow brown in fall. Non-showy, greenish yellow flowers appear in April-May, the male flowers in pendulous catkins (to 4″ long) and the female flowers in short spikes. Female flowers give way to sweet, edible nuts. Each nut is encased in a thin husk which splits open in four sections when ripe in fall.
Hardy Pecans are tall ornamental shade trees for large properties. No serious insect or disease problems. Best grown in humusy, rich, moist, well-drained soils in full sun. Pecan trees are difficult to transplant because of their deep taproot. Nut production can be sparse in the northern part of its growing range, particularly when spring is late and summer is cool.