Botanical: Lupinus polyphyllus
General Characteristics: Able to withstand wind and rain with ease, this colorful mix of blue, white, pink, red or yellow blooms sits atop strong 30- to 42-in. spikes. Tall flower spikes in an endless variety of colors. Perennial. The herbaceous lupine, Lupinus polyphyllus, arrived in Britain from North America in the 1820s brought over by David Douglas. Almost a century later, George Russell, a 53-year-old horticulturalist from UK York started to breed the famous Russell hybrids (Lupinus X russellii hort). Over the decades the plants he selected developed flower spikes which were denser, larger and more colorful than the original Lupinus polyphyllus.
Tip: Tip: The majority of lupines do not thrive in rich heavy soils, and often only live for a matter of years if grown in such places, crown contact with manure or rich organic matter encourages rotting.
Use: The 'Russell Hybrid' Lupine is used for cut flowers, planted in mass, or English garden plants. Growing in upright stalks of various different vivid colors, Lupines makes a nice background for a planted flower arrangement.Mass in a mixed border for spectacular blooms. Great cut flower.