Conifer, Douglas Fir grows 40 to 60 feet and spreads 15 to 25 feet in an erect pyramid in the landscape. The tree is one of the dominant trees in the foothills of the Rocky Mountains. It has been transplanted successfully throughout most of the North American temperate zone. A Douglas Fir has long, flat needles that grow directly from the branch. YouÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ll love running your fingers over the soft texture of your Douglas FirÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s needles, and enjoy the slight silver cast of their undersides as the light catches them. They also smell wonderful! The hanging, oblong cones have three-pointed bracts (outer cone scales). Cones mature in one season and retain their scales when they fall.
Douglas Fir seeds provide food for a number of small mammals. Songbirds and owls eat the seeds right out of the cone, and rely on these trees for cover. The Douglas Fir is one of the best timber trees in North America, as well as a popular ornamental and Christmas tree, and is used for reforestation along the Pacific coast. Douglas Fir makes an attractive Christmas tree because the needles do not easily fall off. When young, its dense growth makes it a beautiful evergreen.