Pests or Diseases: No serious insect or disease problems.
Planting Instructions: Care should be taken at the time of planting to insure success but low maintenance is required. Do not plant too deep; bud must be to the soil surface. Most ferns prefer woodsy, acid soil.
May be planted in any well-drained soil. Dig a hole large enough to encompass the roots without bending or circling. Set the plant in place so the crown (part of the plant where the root meets the stem) is level with the soil surface. Water thoroughly. Best grown in moist, rich, humusy, acidic, medium wet loams in part shade to full shade. With consistent moisture, it tolerates full sun. Also tolerates a wide range of soils, including poor rocky soils and, once well established, dry soils. Also tolerates full shade. Spreads aggressively by rhizomes to form colonies.