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Grape 'Concord' blue
Item GR101

Grow Your Own Fresh Fruit!

Concord Grapes produce generous clusters of flavorful fruit. Concord is the most popular garden variety and has long been the backbone of the eastern grape industry. It ripens late and is ideal for jelly, juice, table use and wine. Skins slip easily from the dark-purple fruits. Almost all purple grape juice on the supermarket shelf was pressed from Concords. Grapes are not particular about soil preference and do especially well in clays and loams that have been improved with organic matter.

The vines are allowed to run as they will the first year and the posting or staking is done the second or third year when you will prune heavily, leaving only 2 or 3 buds on the strongest stem. As it grows you'll keep only the most vigorous sprout to form the main stem. Shallow cultivation and mulching are beneficial.

grapes_blueconcord

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Size: 1 YR #1 Hardiness: Zones 5-9 Height: Varies Spacing: 8-10'

Botanical: Vitis labrusca x 'Concord' Fruit: Dark-Purple Almost Black

Foliage: Large Dark-Green Exposure: Full Sun Harvest: Mid-September

Pests: Grapes are high maintenance plants that require regular chemical spraying and pruning. Grapes are susceptible to a large number of diseases, particularly in humid summer climates, including anthracnose, black rot, downy and powdery mildew, crown gall and botrytis bunch rot. Insect pests include phylloxera, grape berry moth, Japanese beetle, leaf hopper, leaf roller, mealy bugs and flea beetles.

Notes: 'Concord' is a Vitis labrusca hybrid that was developed in Concord, Massachusetts and introduced into commerce in 1843. It is one of the oldest cultivated American grape varieties still commonly grown. It is considered to be a good grape for juices, jams, jellies and wine. Some vineyards grow 'Concord' for producing sweet after dinner wines. This is a woody, deciduous, tendril-climbing vine. Panicles of fragrant, greenish flowers in spring are followed by clusters of blue-black, seeded grapes that ripen in late mid-season. Large, shallowly-three-lobed, green foliage. Flowers are attractive to bees. Ripe fruit is attractive to some hornets and wasps.

Grapes are primarily grown for fruit production in home fruit gardens where ornamental interest is not a concern. However, grapes do in fact have good ornamental value: bold summer foliage, some fall color, showy fruit and shaggy, twisted trunking and branching often best seen in winter. When grown on fences, walls, trellises, arbors or other structures, grapes can be quite attractive year-round and can provide good cover, screening, or shade to areas around the home.

Planting instructions: May be planted in any well-drained soil. Dig a hole large enough to encompass the roots without bending or circling. Set the plant in place so the crown (part of the plant where the roots meet the stem) is about 1-2" below the soil surface. Cover with soil to the original soil surface and water thoroughly. Fertilize when planting.

Best grown in deep, loamy, medium wet, well-drained soils in full sun. Tolerates a wide range of soil conditions, including average garden soils, but must have good drainage. Best sited in a location sheltered from winter winds (preferably a southern facing slope) and well removed from frost pockets. Self-pollinating. Grapes need a support system, training, regular spraying and regular pruning to maximize fruit production.


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